Channel Islands Fox (Urocyon littoralis)
Just off the coast of California, not too far from Los Angeles, lie the Channel Islands. These islands have never been connected to the mainland, leaving it with at least twelve species that are not found anywhere else in the world. One of these, the Channel Islands Fox, is of special concern. This canid used to be the top of the food chain up until the 1990s. At that time, Golden Eagles, which feed on baby foxes, began to take up residence. The Golden Eagles' increase may have been partially due a decline in Bald Eagles (due to DDT poisoning), and the abundance of feral pigs. Golden Eagles also feed on baby feral pigs (Bald Eagles eat fish and carrion). The overall effect was a major decline in the fox population. Conservation efforts are well underway, with captive breeding and Golden Eagle relocation programs, but the Fox population has still not completely recovered.
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Check out the islands where the Island Fox lives.